POI: the reference document
All industrial sites at risk are legally required to have an Internal Operation Plan (POI) according to article L515-41 of the Environment Code . This document is drawn up by the site operator and must be able to respond to all the situations described in the accident scenarios of the hazard study, drawn up beforehand. The POI is the keystone of the response to a situation and is regularly tested, updated and studied by all personnel concerned.
When an incident occurs, the teams involved meet in a PCEx (Operator Command Post). The PCEx is the place where decisions are made in relation to the POI. In fact, there is always a POI available in each PCEx cell, where the POI tools are deployed to develop the best possible operational response.
Operational tools for PCex
Many IOP tools are available to the PCEx to best resolve a crisis situation. Some of them are developed well in advance, others are built as the incident resolution progresses.
First tool : situation assessment.. The PCEx sends all the initial information from the different actors in the field, the control room or in connection with the operators.
Once the situation has been assessed and understood, the CxP sets up a handrail. This tool is the recorder of all the information that goes up or down the PCEx.
La SITAC (SItuation TACtique) permet de suivre graphiquement et à l’aide des remontées du terrain la situation en cours. Surtout, il permet au PCEx d’imaginer les actions à mettre en place pour résoudre la situation. De plus, cet outil est partagé avec les secours publics et de ce fait un outil central d’échanges.
Le SAOIELC est le pendant non visuel de la SITAC et sûrement le moyen le plus efficace de structurer la réflexion du PCEx et d’anticiper les événements. Une fois élaboré, le SAOIELC doit permettre de résoudre la crise. Imaginé par l’école des officiers des sapeurs pompiers, il s’agit d’un moyen mnémotechnique pour bâtir la meilleure réflexion possible. Chaque lettre est une étape de cette réflexion :
- S for Situation: this is the description of the initial situation
- A for Anticipation: it is about imagining the possible evolution of the incident
- O for Objective: this is the goal or goals to be achieved
- I for Ideas for Action: in this step, the PCEx chooses the techniques to be used to achieve the objective
- E for Execution: this is the distribution of the different tasks for the adopted technique between the actors involved
- L for Logistics: any technique for resolving an incident requires resources and they are listed in this section.
- C for Command: without a clear chain of command, the execution cannot be done serenely and efficiently, this section must clarify this element.
The Status Point is to put all the people present in the PCEx on the same level of knowledge, whether in terms of the objective to be reached or, above all, the timing to be respected, without which all action is in vain.
The Power Up Curve (CMP) is developed beforehand and is not in itself an operational tool. On the other hand, it describes graphically and with precision the means necessary to control a fire in less than three hours.
The Resource Management Curve (CGM) is, unlike the CMP, the organizational tool par excellence. Built in real time using the SITAC, the handbook and the inventory table, the CGM makes it possible to monitor the available resources, in particular the quantity of foam remaining, which is a very important element for extinguishing a flammable liquid fire.
Gesip and its community of experts are able to elaborate in the within the framework of an audit each of these tools according to the specificities of the sites concerned. These tools can be tested and improved during exercises on the technical platforms of the Gesip sites in Vernon and Roussillon or directly on the site concerned. Gesip's experts also propose for example their participation in the evaluation and creation of pre-exercise and its different elements of animation and disturbance.